英 语 试 题
1．What drink does the man like?
A．Tea． B．Coffee． C．Cold water．
2．What is the possible relationship between the two speakers?
A．Husband and wife． B．Waiter and customer． C．Father and daughter
3．Who is returning to Canada tomorrow?
A．John． B．Steven． C．Alicia．
4．What's the woman's job?
A．A customs officer． B．A policewoman． C．A bank clerk．
5: What does the woman mean?
A．She must go home now．
B．She can stay a little longer．
C．She is waiting for her parents．
6．Where will they have a talk?
A．In the office． B．In a park． C．In the cafe．
7．What will they talk about?
A．The woman's good idea．B．The man's notebook． C．The trip west.
8．Why did the man's Japanese friend give him a gift?
A．To express thanks to him．
B．To give a surprise to him．
C．To show respect to him．
9．When don't Americans open gifts in front of the giver?
A．When they have known what the gift is．
B．When they don't know the giver．
C．When they don't like the gift．
10．What does the man want to have washed?
11．What's wrong with his jacket?
A．A button is loose．
B．Its color has run．
C．There is a spot on it
12．What time will the man get his laundry back tomorrow?
A．At 9: 00． B．At 9:30． C．At 10:00．
13．When was the last time Britain saw its worst snow?
A．10 years ago． B．18 years ago． C．30 years ago.
14．Why is the UK not well prepared for snow?
A．There is not enough labor．
B．It doesn't snow frequently in the UK．
C．The snow-cleaning equipment costs a lot．
15．Which part of England was hit most severely by the snowfall?
A．South． B．East． C．North
21．—Did you happen to hear the recent news?
—Yes, Alice ____ the gold medal in the speech contest, which I find hard to believe．
A．wins B．won C．had won D．will win
22．Walking exercises ____ be boring at times, but on a clear sunny morning nothing could be better．
A．may B．will C．must D．should
23．Many things such as going abroad and owning a car, ____ impossible in the past, are now very common．
A．being considered B．to be considered
24．Most people go to the theatre not to see a play ____plot is complicated, but to listen to brilliant dialogues between actors．
A．where B．what C．which D．whose
25．I ____ toward the door to go outside when suddenly Jim opened it unexpectedly．
A．walked B．was walking C．had walked D．had been walking
26．____ made things worse, he said, was that his roommate never look part in any of the cleaning work．
A．What B．Which C．That D．Who
27．The tea house situated near platform 6 is now offering free cups of tea to those ____ for the Xi'an train．
A．waiting B．wait C．to wait D．waited
28．—Bob is always complaining about not having any money．
—The problem is that he doesn't work hard and never ____．
A．does B．had C．has D．did
29．Why do some rich people steal things ____ they could easily afford to buy them?
A．unless B．before C．if D． when
30．We shouldn't have come north for Christmas vacation．If we ____, we wouldn't be stuck in the snow right now．
A．wasn't B．didn't C．hadn't D．weren't,
31．In order to assess ____ the treatment will fit your lifestyle, please take a moment to answer a few questions about yourself．
A．what B．how C．why D．where
32．Most of the telephone lines ____ in the hurricane last night, and so today it's almost impossible to get through to anybody．
A．destroyed B．had destroyed
C．were destroyed D．had been destroyed
33．—Let's have a further talk．
—Sorry, I don't have time to talk．My report is due on Friday and I am in a race ____time．
A．over B．in C．on D．against
34．When Helen began looking for a job after college, she found that she couldn't get ____without work experience．
A．it B．one C．that D．this
35．—What do you think we should do after dinner?
—Why don't we get ____ beer at the Karaoke bar down the street? It is kind of ___ fun to hear all the bad singing．
A．a; 不填 B．a; a C．the; a D．a; the
A Good Custodian
I know a woman who tries hard to be a good custodian．
I pass her every day after school as she pushes her cart down my
hallway．Of course, she is my building's cleaner,
One Tuesday morning I came into school and saw a 36 on my
desk from my custodian,
It seemed that some unbearable first year students had damaged the bathroom in a particularly disgusting way and she had been 37 to clean it．This took 38 than she had expected． She had left the typewritten note on my desk to 39 for not being able to clean my room as she was 40 to do．
At the beginning of the period, I shared her note with my first period 41 When I mentioned that our custodian had apologized to us, their first 42 was to volunteer to seek out and beat up those first year students for making our custodian have to clean up their 43 . It turned out that just about all of my students also knew our custodian by name -all of them responded with smiles and 44 for a long time about this time or that time when she'd 45 each of them in the hallway．That she felt she needed to apologize 46 a strong reaction from many of the kids．
As the class period was about to end, I asked them to 47 the floor like I do every period and thanked them for picking up any garbage 48 it wasn't theirs．My entire class disappeared; they each disappeared instantly 49 their desks to pick up those annoying tiny pieces of paper that 50 so easily from notebooks．One girl made a （an） 51 that I later used with my other classes:" Her job might be to clean the room, but she shouldn't have to clean up 52 us．There's a difference．”
I believe that people know the difference between right and wrong．I believe that people appreciate it when others 53 take care of them．And I believe that people, even adolescents who are not quite yet mature, appreciate it when they see someone who takes 54 in her work． Sometimes we need a 55 of the things we take for granted ．．．things like a good custodian to take care of us．
36．A．paper B．handbook C．note D．letter
37．A．advised B．persuaded C．allowed D．charged
38．A．shorter B．longer C．mare D．less
39．A．apologize B．regret C．appeal D．complain
40．A．recommended B．believed C．approved D．scheduled
41．A．class B．colleagues C．staff D．members
42．A．answer B．reaction, C．decision D．behavior
43．A．room B．desks C．mess D．chaos
44．A．talked B．asked C．quarreled D．discussed
45．A．visited B．called C．praised D．greeted
46．A．made B．showed C．earned D．accepted
47．A．sweep B．examine C．check D．mop
48．A．even if B．only if C．if only D．if ever
49．A．above B．under C．beyond D．across
50．A．leave B．fall C．fly D．miss
51．A．promise B．agreement C．announcement D．comment
52．A．after B．before C．with D．for
53．A．freely B．gently C．hopefully D．sincerely
54．A．advantage B．pride C．action D．chance
55．A．keeper B．caretaker C．reminder D．observer
When I was a baby, I entertained you and made you laugh．Whenever I was "bad" , you'd shake your finger at me and ask : " How could you?"—but then you'd give up, and roll me over for a belly scratch and I believed that life could not be any more perfect．
My housetraining was a long process, because you were terribly busy, but we worked on that together．We went for long walks, runs in the park and car rides．We stopped for ice cream．I took long naps in the sun waiting for you to come home at the end of the day．
Gradually, you began spending more time at work and on your career, and more time searching for a human mate．Eventually, you fell in love．She, now your wife, is riot a dog person, but I still welcomed her into our home．I was happy because you were happy．Then the human babies came along and I shared your excitement, I was fascinated by their pinkness, how they smelled, and I wanted to mother them too．Your wife was afraid I would bite them．But nevertheless, as they began to grow, I became their friend．
Now, you have a new job in another city and you and they will be moving to an apartment that does not allow pets．You've made the right decision for your "family" , but there was a time when I was your only family．
I was excited about the car ride until we arrived at the dog pound．It smelled of dogs and cats, of fear, of hopelessness．You filled out the paperwork and said:"I know you will find a good home for her．" They shrugged and gave you a pained look．The children were in tears as they waved me goodbye．And "How could you?" were the only three words that swept over my mind．
Is it better to live with hope or without hope? At first, whenever anyone passed my pen, I rushed to the front, hoping it was you, that you had changed your mind and that this was all a bad dream．
My beloved master, I will think of you and wait for you forever．I hope you receive more faithfulness from your family than you showed to me．
56．Who tells this story?
A．A dog． B．A child． C．A dog's owner． D．A dog trainer
57．Why did the dog's owner take his dog to the pound?
A．He had a newborn baby． B．His wife did not like the dog．
C．He was moving into a new building． D．He thought the dog too troublesome．
58．Which is true about the dog when it lived at the pound?
A．It hoped to be adopted by another family． B．It continued to love its former owner．
C．It did not trust humans any more． D．It was excited about the pound．
59．What is the theme of the story?
A．Be ready for changes． B．Never expect too much．
C．Never complain about your life． D．Be faithful to those who love you．
Present or Future?
Americans are future-minded．They really live in the future．The present is just a way station． This enthusiasm for the future is really not shared even by all European countries．The French are known to be present-minded while the British are often called past-minded．For Japanese Zen followers, time is like a pool of water．Things just happen．There is no past, present or future．Egyptians are well known for their past mindedness．
I did not grow up with a telephone．So the Yellow Pages were something brand new for me when I first arrived in the U．S．．I still had the habit of going to a store only to find out that it didn't have what I needed．My wife used to ask , "Didn't you call before going there?" The concept of calling ahead of time requires planning and a future mind, while my upbringing was in a present-minded culture．
One thing my nuclear family enjoys when my mom visits is her cooking．So normally I ask my mom a couple of days in advance what things she needs for the upcoming meals．She is always sure that she has everything．The truth is that many times, in the middle of cooking, she will ask for items we don't have．That shows a present mind．You deal with it when you get there instead of doing advanced planning．
Listening to weather forecasts and then living your life accordingly is a sign of a future mind． Normally, when I get to work and see everyone walking around with their umbrellas, I figure that it will rain today．Here people are trained from their childhood to figure out at least that day's expected weather before leaving the house．I am normally missing my umbrella because it was not raining and the sky did not have dark clouds．Here my present mind gets me wetevery time．
Mainstream Americans have put inside themselves the clock to a degree which is beyond the comprehension of many cultures across the globe．So the annoyance many Americans face when working with people from other cultures is understandable．In today's dialogue, building the bridge to the 21st century may turn out to be easier than building bridges with other cultures, which may appear to be so foreign．However, they are vital partners for our interdependent life on this planet．
60．The author was most likely born in ____．
A．America B．France C．Britain D．Egypt
61．Which is true about the author?
A．He was more future-minded than his mother．
B．He received most of his education in Japan．
C．He learned to check the weather before going out．
D．He disliked calling the store before going shopping．
62．What's the main idea of the last paragraph?
A．Americans value time more than any other culture．
B．Americans should be understood by other cultures．
C．Communication between cultures is easier than before．
D．Harmony should be achieved despite cultural differences．
A woman in the US is able to speak for the first time in 11 years after a pioneering voice box transplant （移植） ．
Brenda Jensen said the operation was a great success which had saved her life．Thirteen days after the surgery she said her first words: "Good morning, I want to go home．"It is the first time a voice box and windpipe have been transplanted at the same time and only the second time a voice box has ever been transplanted．
Ms．Jensen, 52, had been unable to speak on her own since her voice box was damaged during surgery in 1999．Since then, she has been unable to taste or smell food, could breathe only through a hole in her windpipe and could talk only with the help of an electronic voice box．
In October, surgeons at the University of California Davis Medical Centre removed the voice box and 6cm of the windpipe from a donor body．In an 18-hour operation, this was transplanted into Ms．Jensen's throat and the team connected it to her blood supply and nerves （神经）．
Professor Martin Birchall from University College London, who was part of the surgery team, said: "We've learned that we can repair nerves to make even very complex organs function again． It'll open the door to better facial transplants and will be extremely important as tissue engineering develops．"
A voice box transplant might be life changing, but it is not life saving．Everyone who receives a transplant must take drugs to control the immune system （免疫系统） for the rest of their lives． These drugs can reduce life expectancy, so they are normally set aside for life saving procedures．
One of the reasons Ms．Jensen was a suitable person for this transplant was that she was already taking immune controlling drugs after a kidney-pancreas transplant four years ago．Professor Peter Belafsky , part of the surgical team, said: " Brenda was an exceptional candidate for the transplant because she was highly motivated．Anyone who's met Brenda knows that she is a strong and determined person with a great outlook on life in spite of the many physical challenges she's faced over her lifetime．
63．The voice transplant operation is of great significance because it proves that ____．
A．facial transplants are now easier to perform
B．new medical technology is always possible to discover
C．nerve repairing is a breakthrough in tissue engineering
D．the drugs taken after the operation help the patient live longer
64．Ms．Jensen was a suitable person for this transplant because she was ____．
A．strong-willed and prepared B．experienced and brave
C．seriously ill and motivated D．determined and realistic
65．Which of the following is the right time order of the event?
a．Ms．Jensen received a voice box transplant operation．
b．Ms．Jensen began to take immune controlling drugs．
c．Doctors removed the voice box from a donor body．
d．Ms．Jensen had a kidney-pancreas transplant operation．
A．acdb B．dbca C．bdca D．cabd
66．Which is the best title for the passage?
A．Transplant Saves A Woman's Life B．Overcoming Obstacles to Speak Again
C．First Words from New Voice Box D．Courageous Woman Defeating Fears
"Wanna buy a body? "That was the opening line of more than a few phone calls I got from self-employed photographers when I was a photo editor at U．S．News．Like many in the mainstream press, I wanted to separate the world of photographers into "them" ,who trade in pictures of bodies or run after famous people like Princess Diana, and "us" ,the serious newspeople．But after 16 years in that role, I came to wonder whether the two worlds were easily distinguishable．
Working in the reputable world of journalism, I told photographers to cover other people's difficult life situations．I justified marching into moments of sadness, under the appearance of the reader's right to know．I worked with professionals talking their way into situations or shooting from behind police lines．And I wasn't alone．
In any American town, after a car crash or some other horrible incident when ordinary people are hurt or killed, you rarely see photographers pushing past rescue workers to take photos of the blood and injuries．But you are likely to see local newspaper and television photographers on the scene –and fast ．．．
How can we justify doing this? Journalists are taught to separate, doing the job from worrying about the consequences of publishing what they record．Repeatedly, they are reminded of a news-business saying: Leave your conscience in the office, A victim may lie bleeding, unconscious, or dead．Your job is to record the image （图象）．You're a photographer, not an emergency medical worker．You put away your feelings and document the scene．
But catastrophic events often bring out the worst in photographers and photo editors．In the first minutes and hours after a disaster occurs, photo agencies buy pictures．They rush to obtain the rights to be the only one to own these shocking images and death is usually the subject．Often, an agency buys a picture from a local newspaper or an amateur photographer and puts it up for bid by major magazines．The most sought-after special pictures command tens of thousands of dollars through bidding contests．
I worked on all those stories and many like them．When they happen, you move quickly: buying, dealing, trying to beat the agencies to the pictures．
Now, many people believe journalists are the hypocrites （伪君子） who need to be brought down, and it's our pictures that most anger others．Readers may not believe, as we do, that there is a distinction between clear-minded "us" and mean-spirited "them"．In too many cases, by our choices of images as well as how we get them, we prove our readers right．
67．When journalists are working, they are told to ____．
A．work with their conscience
B．respect the privacy of the victim
C．separate their work from feelings
D．ask police for permission to take photos
68．The 5th and 6th paragraphs mainly tell us that ____．
A．speed determines the success of a news story
B．photo agencies are greedier than serious newspeople
C．photographers have free access to photos of accidents
D．profit is the driving force beliind the competition for photos
69．It can be learned from the last paragraph that serious newspeople ____．
A．obtain photos differently from news agencies
B．are no better than self-employed photographers
C．are more devoted to work than non-professionals
D．have a higher moral standard than self-employed photographers
70．The underlined word "them" in the last paragraph refers to____．
A．photo editors B．photo agencies
C．serious newspeople D．self-employed photographers
Claustrophobia, or fear of enclosed spaces, is one of the most common fears．Claustrophobia can be deep fear or even panic as a result of being in a small space．
Claustrophobia can develop after a troubling childhood experience （ such as being trapped in a small space during a childhood game） , or from another unpleasant experience later on in life related to small spaces （ such as being stuck in a lift）．_71 This response then becomes programmed in the brain, making an association between being in a tight space and feeling anxious or out-of-control．As a result, the person often develops claustrophobia．
According to Mark Powers, Ph．D．, Associate Professor of Psychology at Southern Methodist University," Claustrophobia is a specific fear and not a type of panic disorder．The primary specific danger forecasts for claustrophobia are that either the person will be trapped or run out of air．"
72 Claustrophobia symptoms can include: sweating, accelerated heartbeat, upset stomach, passing out, light-headedness, shaking, breathing problem, etc．
Some common situations can cause anxiety in claustrophobia sufferers．The claustrophobia sufferer will look for an exit when inside a room, avoid driving on the highway or major roads where there is heavy traffic when inside a car, avoid taking lifts when inside a building, or stand near a door when at a party． 73
Claustrophobia can have harmful social and psychological effects, since the patient will often avoid situations in which she thinks she will have an anxiety attack, leading to hiding and sadness．
74 According to Dr．Powers, " Exposure treatment, a form of mind-behavioral treatment, usually results in a total reduction in anxiety symptoms if conducted properly．"
Flooding is a type of exposure treatment in which the person is exposed to a situation until the anxiety attack passes; a less extreme form of exposure treatment is counter-conditioning．Counter conditioning includes behavior treatment, as the person is taught visualization and relaxation techniques before being slowly reintroduced to the cause situation．
75 Medications to help treat claustrophobia include things which help to ease the heart pounding often associated with anxiety attacks．
A．The good news is that claustrophobia is very treatable．
B．The past experience can trace back to the moment of birth．
C．According to some doctors, claustrophobia is worse than the fear of heights．
D．When a person experiences such an event, it can often cause a frightening panic attack．
E．In extreme cases, the very sight of a closed door can lead to feelings of anxiety in a person．
F．Treatment for claustrophobia can also include medication or a combination of several treatments．
G．When a person with claustrophobia finds herself in a restricted space, her body responds in certain ways．
For two years my family has been supporting Xiao Ming, a boy from a poor family．
In your spoken English class, your teacher shows you the following picture．You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it